7 Wildlife Sanctuaries in Bihar

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Bihar, the state known for its rich cultural heritage, hosts many hidden gems of nature in the form of wildlife sanctuaries and parks. These wildlife sanctuaries in Bihar safeguard the region’s biodiversity and offer captivating experiences for nature enthusiasts and wildlife admirers.

Tourists like visiting national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in Bihar because they’re popular spots. According to records, Bihar boasts 21 wildlife sanctuaries and 1 national park. From the dense forests of Champaran and Nalanda to splendid waterfalls and hills, Bihar provides a habitat for various species, including Bengal tigers, leopards, deer, wild boars, and a variety of bird species.

Are you ready to explore the captivating wildlife sanctuaries in Bihar? Let’s step on this adventure together!

1. Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary

Bordering the states of Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand, Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary is Bihar’s largest wildlife sanctuary. The sanctuary was established in 1979 and covers an area of over 1,343 square kilometers. This sanctuary is home to rare and endangered flora and fauna. More than 70 species of resident birds and rare species like the Indian wolf, Indian pangolin, sloth bears, sambar deers, etc, are found here.

Kaimur wildlife sanctuary in Bihar has ancient cave, terracotta paintings, and the world’s oldest Fossil Park. This sanctuary has stunning geological features, with several waterfalls, dams, and lakes. For those seeking adventure, the sanctuary offers a variety of activities, from trekking to birdwatching, providing opportunities to connect with the wilderness.

The best time to visit Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary is in winter when the weather is nice, and wildlife sightings are more common. During this time, tourists can enjoy vibrant landscapes, perfect for outdoor adventures and wildlife photography.

Kaimur wildlife sanctuary in Bihar plays a vital role in preserving the state’s ecological heritage. Through sustainable practices and community involvement, authorities strive to protect the sanctuary’s ecosystems and ensure the well-being of its inhabitants.

In the heart of Bihar, Kaimur invites tourists to delve on a journey of exploration and appreciation for the world of Nature.

Established Year:


Total Area:

1504.96 km2


Kaimur district and Rohtas district of Bihar, India

Animals found: 

Bengal tigers, Indian leopards, Indian boars, Indian pangolins, sloth bears, sambar deers, Indian muntjacs, Four-horned antelopes, chitals, nilgais and various species of reptiles, insects and butterflies. More than 70 species of resident birds are also found here.

Opening Times:

05:00 AM to 05:00 PM

2. Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary

Indian Elephant - Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary

Bhimbandh wildlife sanctuary in Bihar, located in west of Santhal Pargana, north of the Chota Nagpur Plateau, and south of the Ganges River, is a haven for diverse flora and fauna. Located in the south west of Munger district, this sanctuary covers an area of approximately 682 square kilometers. 

Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1976, and it is known for its rich biodiversity and pristine landscapes. According to Mahabharata, one of the pandavas, Bheema, constructed a dam here and therefore it is called Bhimbandh. The sanctuary serves as a crucial habitat for several endangered species, fostering their conservation and protection.

The sanctuary’s topography ranges from undulating hills to vast plains interspersed with dense forests and winding rivers. There are many hot water springs that maintain nearly the same temperature all year round, including Bhimbandh, Sita Kund, and Rishi Kund. 

Its varied ecosystems provide a conducive environment for numerous species of mammals, birds, reptiles, and plant life to thrive. Among its notable residents are the Indian elephant, Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, sloth bear, and various species of deer and antelope.

Bhimbandh wildlife sanctuary in Bihar offers a captivating retreat for nature enthusiasts and wildlife photographers, providing opportunities for safaris and nature trails to explore its natural wonders. There are several tourist attractions near the Sanctuary, such as Rishi Kund, Sita Kund, Ha-Ha Punch Kumari, Rameshwar Kund, and Kharagpur Lake.

Established Year:


Total Area:

682 km2


Munger District, Bihar, India

Opening Times:

07:00 AM to 04:00 PM

3. Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary

Langurs - Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary

Situated at the border of Gaya district in Bihar state and Koderma district in Jharkhand state, the Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary sprawls across approximately 259 square kilometers. Established in 1976, this sanctuary serves as a vital bastion for preserving the region’s rich biodiversity and natural heritage.

The sanctuary is famous for its rich biodiversity and diverse range of flora and fauna. Towering sal forests, interspersed with bamboo groves and deciduous trees, form the backdrop for a thriving ecosystem that shelters a variety of wildlife. Among its inhabitants are majestic elephants, elusive tigers, leopards, spotted deer, wild boars, langurs, and an abundance of avian species, including eagles, vultures, and hornbills.

This wildlife sanctuary in Bihar not only provides a home for these creatures but also offers visitors an opportunity to connect with nature through guided safaris, trekking trails, and birdwatching expeditions. Its scenic landscapes, punctuated by meandering streams and verdant hills, offer a tranquil retreat for nature enthusiasts and wildlife photographers alike.

Apart from its natural beauty, the sanctuary also houses ancient Buddhist caves and rock shelters, adding to its cultural significance.

Established Year:


Total Area:

259 km2


Gaya district, Bihar, India

Animals found: 

Tigers, leopards, wolves, sloth bears, chitals, chinkaras, and several bird species.

4. Pant (Rajgir) Wildlife Sanctuary

Indian Python - Pant (Rajgir) Wildlife Sanctuary

Situated in Nalanda district of Bihar, Pant Wildlife Sanctuary is a testament to the region’s rich biodiversity and natural heritage. Spread over an area of 35.84 square kilometers, this sanctuary is a part of the Nalanda Forest Division. This wildlife sanctuary in Bihar is enclosed by five mountains, Ratnagiri, Vipulgiri, Vaibhargiri, Songiri, and Udaygiri.

Established in 1978, it was primarily aimed at conserving the unique flora and fauna indigenous to the region. 

Pant Wildlife Sanctuary is celebrated for its diverse ecosystem, comprising dense forests, grasslands, and water bodies. It serves as a crucial habitat for various endangered species including Bengal tigers, leopards, sloth bears, Indian pythons, and several species of deer. The sanctuary is also a paradise for birdwatchers, offering glimpses of avian species such as peafowl, jungle fowl, and partridges.

Visitors to Pant Wildlife Sanctuary can engage in a range of activities including nature walks, birdwatching, and wildlife safaris. The sanctuary’s serene ambiance and unspoiled landscapes provide a perfect retreat for nature enthusiasts and photographers alike.

Conservation efforts and sustainable ecotourism initiatives play a pivotal role in safeguarding the sanctuary’s delicate ecosystem. The sanctuary authorities collaborate with local communities to raise awareness about wildlife conservation and promote responsible tourism practices.

Established Year:


Total Area:

35.84 km2


Nalanda district, Bihar, India

Animals found: 

Wild boar, nilgai, chital, red junglefowl, Indian crested porcupine, Indian hare, northern plains gray langur, rhesus macaque, and golden jackal, and Indian python.

Opening times:

08:00 AM to 05:00 PM

5. Nagi Dam Bird Sanctuary

Egrets - Nagi Dam Bird Sanctuary

Nagi Bird Sanctuary, located in the serene landscape of south Bihar’s Jhajha Jamui district, close to the Jharkhand border, stands as a testament to biodiversity conservation and avian habitat preservation. This wildlife sanctuary in Bihar spans across 2.1 square kilometers, providing a safe haven for a plethora of avian species. 

Declared a bird sanctuary in 1984 under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, the area is home to over 136 bird species, including migratory and resident species.

The sanctuary serves as a seasonal refuge for winged visitors, such as waterfowl, egrets, herons, and migratory birds like the Brahminy duck and pintail. The wetlands and marshes within the sanctuary offer ideal nesting and feeding grounds, fostering the sustenance of its avian inhabitants.

Moreover, Nagi Bird Sanctuary in Bihar isn’t just a sanctuary for birds; it also supports a range of flora and fauna indigenous to the region. Its lush vegetation, including trees like babul and acacia, complements the diverse avifauna and contributes to the sanctuary’s ecological balance.

The conservation efforts undertaken here, coupled with community participation and governmental support, ensure the preservation of this vital ecosystem for future generations. 

Established Year:


Total Area:

2.1 km2


Jamui, Bihar, India

Animals found: 

Bar-headed Goose, Indian Courser, Indian Sandgrouse, Yellow-wattled Lapwing, Indian Robin.

Opening times:

09:00 AM to 05:00 PM

6. Valmiki Tiger Reserve and National Park

Bengal Tiger - Valmiki Tiger Reserve and National Park

Located in the West Champaran district, Valmiki Tiger Reserve is one of the most prominent wildlife sanctuaries in Bihar. Spanning over 880 square kilometers or 17.4% of the district’s overall land area, it is the 18th Tiger Reserve of the country.

One of the main attractions of Valmiki Tiger Reserve is its status as one of the few remaining habitats of the majestic Bengal tiger in India. The reserve serves as a crucial stronghold for the conservation of these iconic big cats, contributing significantly to their survival in the wild. 

What sets Valmiki Tiger Reserve apart is not just its resident tigers but also its rich biodiversity. It was designated as a wildlife sanctuary in 1978 and it was made Valmiki National Park in 1990. 

Also, this is the only national park in Bihar. 

The Valmiki Nagar National Park is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna, including rare and endangered species such as deer, wild boars, langurs, and various bird species. There are nearly 32 reptile species in the forest, such as cobras, pythons, kraits, crocodiles, sand boas, gharials, monitor lizards, banded kraits, and more.

Moreover, Valmiki Tiger Reserve is renowned for its picturesque landscapes and scenic beauty. As one of the prominent wildlife sanctuaries in Bihar, it plays a vital role in promoting ecotourism and raising awareness about the importance of wildlife conservation. 

Established Year:


Total Area:

880 km2


West Champaran District, Bihar, India

Opening Times:

06:00 AM to 04:00 PM

7. Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary

Black necked stork - Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary

Situated in the heart of Bihar, India, the Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary is a hidden gem waiting to be explored. Covering a vast area of 67 square kilometers, it’s a sanctuary that welcomes birds from near and far, making it a paradise for bird lovers and nature enthusiasts.

Located in the Begusarai district of Bihar, Kanwar Lake is not just any lake; it’s the largest freshwater oxbow lake in all of Asia. Its diverse landscape, including marshes, reed beds, and shallow waters, provides a perfect home for a wide variety of bird species.

During the winter months, Kanwar Lake becomes a bustling hub for migratory birds traveling along the Central Asian Flyway. These feathered travelers journey from distant lands like Siberia, Mongolia, and Central Asia, adding vibrant colors and beautiful melodies to the tranquil surroundings.

Among the many species that call Kanwar Lake home, you can spot the graceful Indian Sarus Crane, the elegant Northern Pintail, the striking Brahminy Duck, and the majestic Black-necked Stork. These are just a few of the incredible birds you might encounter during your visit.

For visitors, Kanwar Lake bird sanctuary in Bihar offers more than just birdwatching. You can take leisurely nature walks, go on boat rides, and immerse yourself in the sanctuary’s serene ambiance. Whether you’re a passionate photographer or simply someone who loves being close to nature, Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary promises an unforgettable experience filled with beauty and wonder.

Established Year:


Total Area:

67.5 km2


Begusarai district, Bihar, India

Opening Times:

07:00 AM to 06:00 PM

Bihar’s wildlife sanctuaries offer a perfect blend of natural beauty, biodiversity, and cultural heritage. From the grandeur of Kaimur to the tranquility of Nakti Dam, each sanctuary has its own unique charm. So, plan your next adventure and explore the untamed wilderness of wildlife sanctuaries in Bihar.

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